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This monograph is available online in a text-only pdf file or a pdf file with graphics. From Concept to Flight. Contributions of the Langley Research Center to U.
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Military Aircraft of the s. Out of print Anderson, Seth B. The Plum Brook Research Reactor. Wallace, Lane and Gelzer, Christian. Wayne; Jarvis, Calvin R. Out of print McCurdy, Howard E. This monograph is only available on-line If your browser does not open a table of contents with a link to the second half, click here to view that. Journey Into Space Research: A Record of Achievement, This is an updating by Chris Gamble and Gabriel Okolski of the similarly titled Monograph 9 that was published in I just finished reading Volume 1, having started with 3 and 4 because they describe and explain the Spaceflight era instead of the rocketry era.
But Volume 1 does not disappoint. Chertok had a phenomenal memory and presumably copious notes and diaries, and with Asif Siddiqi's masterful editing and annotation, this series of books is the go-to source for answers to all of your questions about the Soviet efforts in the early space age. Very, very highly recommended!
Rocket Science and Russian Spies
Very informative and a must read for those interested in learning about the early history of the Soviet development of rocket technology. Hard to read in some places and hard to follow because of the difficulty in following the various personnel whose Russian names are rather long and difficult to remember.
Excellent historical insight with great narrative skills - recommendation!
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I actually read the four volumes backwards: I have to say each and every volume is a pleasant surprise. This is one of the best autobiography of a space race veteran I've ever read. One of the most important primary sources of Soviet space history.
This excellent translation is by Asif Siddiqi, who is himself the foremost historian of the Soviet space program. See all 7 reviews. Amazon Giveaway allows you to run promotional giveaways in order to create buzz, reward your audience, and attract new followers and customers. Learn more about Amazon Giveaway.
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Rockets and People, Volume III
Would you like to report poor quality or formatting in this book? Click here Would you like to report this content as inappropriate? The original plan called for lofting a nearly 3,lb. But development of this satellite, code-named "Object D," progressed more slowly than expected, and Soviet officials grew increasingly worried that the United States might beat them to space. So, they decided to precede the launch of Object D with a "simplest satellite," or "prosteishy sputnik" in Russian.
Mice, Flies, Cats, Dogs and Monkeys: The History of Animals in Space (Infographic) | Space
The literal translation of "sputnik," by the way, is "traveling companion. However, researchers did learn some things about Earth's atmosphere by studying the beep-beep-beep radio signals emitted by the satellite. The hulking Object D reached orbit as Sputnik 3 in May , six months after Sputnik 2, which famously lofted a dog named Laika.
Sputnik 1 came perilously close to suffering the same fate as the United States' TV3 satellite, which was destroyed in a launch failure on Dec. Sputnik 1 was lofted by an R-7 rocket, which consisted of four first-stage boosters — known as Blocks B, V, G and D — strapped onto a core second stage Block A.
During the launch, the Block G booster's main engine reached its intended thrust levels later than expected. The satellite zipped around Earth every 96 minutes. Sputnik 1 was powered by three silver-zinc batteries, which were designed to operate for two weeks. But once again, failure would strike just as the escape stage was to fire 61 minutes and 30 seconds into the flight. A fuel valve failed to open and the main engine never received its fire command, stranding the Venus probe in a low Earth orbit that decayed five days later.
With the loss of the two landers and the end of the Venus launch window fast approaching, Soviet engineers and technicians hurriedly prepared the sole remaining spacecraft, the 2MV-2 No. Despite the mishap, the Blok L escape stage and its payload made it into a bykilometer bymile parking orbit inclined After a voyage of days, Mariner 2 flew 34, kilometers 21, miles above the surface of Venus and successfully carried out its experiments. There was no detectable water vapor above the Venusian clouds and the best guess, based on all the Mariner and ground-based observations, was that the surface pressure was somewhere around 20 times that of the Earth.
Had the Soviet 2MV-1 landers actually survived to reach Venus, they would have certainly returned vital in situ measurements of the Venusian atmosphere during their parachute descent but they would have been crushed at an altitude of 35 kilometers 22 miles or more and never reach the surface intact. The 2MV-2 flyby craft could have returned additional information that would have supplemented the data from the less capable Mariner 2, but given the unbroken cloud layer that covers Venus, any images returned by the 2MV-2 would have shown a virtually featureless orb.
Rockets and People : Volume III: Hot Days of the Cold War
As the Soviets were launching the 2MV probes to Venus, the sister craft to Mars were experiencing problems during their final push towards launch. For this launch window, a pair of 2MV-4 flyby craft and a single 2MV-3 lander were being prepared for missions that would be twice as long as their Venus-bound sister craft owing to their slower trajectories to a more distant target. The launch energy requirements to reach Mars in were much higher than they were for Venus and as a result the 2MV probes to Mars had to be correspondingly lighter with far tighter constraints on mass growth in order for the 8K78 to send them on their way.
But as happens all too frequently in the development of new spacecraft, their estimated launch masses kept growing forcing changes to the mission plans and spacecraft. The original launch window that extended from mid-October to mid-November of had to be shortened to just the last week of October and the first week of November when the launch energy requirements were near minimum, allowing the 8K78 launch vehicle to lift the maximum payload possible towards Mars.
If at first you don’t succeed… (part 2)
Engineers also made efforts to lighten the 2MV Mars spacecraft as much as possible. One of the victims of this effort was the life detection experiment that was to be carried by the sole 2MV-3 lander, which was removed after it failed to perform adequately in tests on the barren steppe outside of the Baikonur Cosmodrome. The next day President John F. On October 23 President Kennedy signed an executive order setting up a naval blockade of Cuba to prevent any more Soviet missiles from reaching Cuba. As tensions between the superpowers continued to escalate to a dangerous new high, the first new Soviet Mars probe lifted off and was successfully placed into a bykilometer bymile parking orbit with an inclination of After coasting for about 90 minutes, the Blok L escape stage ignited but its S1.
The escape stage and doomed 2MV-4 No. While it would have been quickly determined that this was not a Soviet missile attack, there were probably more than a few frayed nerves on the American side in the moments it took to determine that this was a non-military launch failure. On October 27, Soviet military personnel at the cosmodrome were put on alert. All work on the preparation of the second and third Mars probes was suspended while workers were shifted to preparing combat-ready R-7A ICBMs for launch.
According to standing orders instituted under such circumstances, the launch of the 8K78 already on the pad was cancelled and it was to be removed to make room for a R-7A. After many frantic hours of phone calls between the cosmodrome and Moscow and a final resolution of the crisis by American and Soviet leaders on October 28 which included the removal of Soviet missiles from Cuba in exchange for the removal of American Jupiter IRBMs in Italy and Turkey , launch preparations were free to resume.