Clap your hands or slap your knees for encouragement if need be. Sounding excited will get their attention and make them want to come to you. Upon reaching you, praise the dog in a high-pitched voice and maybe offer them a kibble.
Czech German Shepherd owners will also want to teach the Stay command. The Stay command is useful when you want your dog to remain in one place. For example, you may want your dog to Sit in place while you hook up the leash for a walk. Putting a leash on a jumping dog is not an easy task. The Stay command works well here because you can teach your Czech German Shepherd to Sit and Stay at the door while you clip the leash onto the collar. This command teaches your dog to have good manners. To teach the Stay command, start by having your dog Sit then holding your hand up like a stop sign about a foot away from their snout.
Sternly voice the Stay command while taking a small step backwards, away from your dog. Repeat this until the dog confidently remains sitting. The Forward command transitions your dog from a Sit or standing position to a walking movement. Now you want to signal to your dog that it is time to walk out the door. To begin teaching the Forward command, have the dog Sit in a location where there is plenty of room to take a few steps forward.
Sternly and excitedly voice the Forward command while sweeping your hand away from you in the direction you want the dog to walk. Use the hand that is not holding the leash so your motions are clear. Eventually, you will not need to sweep your hand forward because the dog will recognize the voiced command.
This command is not mandatory but is merely a fun trick for the pup to learn! Asking for a Sit and a Shake is a perfect example of NILIF training because the dog must perform 2 commands before being rewarded with the treat. The give and the take of this interaction teaches your dog fair trade for what he wants. To teach the Shake command, it is easiest to start your dog in a Sit position. Then simply pick up one paw with your hand like you are shaking hands with a human.
Remember to sternly voice the Shake command. Then give the dog a treat and praise him with a high-pitched voice. Since dogs are often food-motivated they often understand this command very quickly. The dog will see or smell that you have a treat and automatically Sit and raise his paw on his own! On piece of advice to help with training a young puppy is to practice the commands in the same area with the same leash every time. For example, always practice in the living room with the blue leash. Your dog will recognize the combination and realize it is time to work and not time to play!
By putting your hand up, you are blocking his path to jump on you. The only result is for him to sit or stand still. Both are good behaviors, so at this point you can praise your puppy. If at any point you let your puppy jump on you and you give him attention, he will think it is okay to jump for attention. Consistency is key. Do not let him jump even once. Training should start as soon as you get your Czech German Shepherd puppy.
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If you wait, bad behaviors may form and it will be more difficult to break them when they are older. Discourage barking, jumping, and chewing immediately.
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Educate yourself about training before you purchase your Czech German Shepherd puppy. Books are often a great way to learn about basic dog training. Be sure to read books about raising a puppy , as well. The youngest years are the most important. A simple book will do just fine. Along with basic commands, it is pertinent that you teach your Czech German Shepherd proper socialization skills. Exposure to social situations is the perfect way to teach your dog good manners with other dogs as well as other people. Exposure to various public places also reduces fear of these public places, loud or strange noises, animals, vehicles, public transportation, traffic, unfamiliar dogs, children, the elderly, and more.
Be sure to check if you are allowed to bring your dog to a public place before you enter the establishment. Many pet supply stores allow dogs, which is the perfect opportunity to introduce your Czech German Shepherd to new dogs, different critters, and unfamiliar people. You may need to remind your dog not to jump, not to bark, or not to pull toys off the shelf. The Czech German Shepherd typically eats between 2 and 4 cups of dry dog food per day, split into 2 or 3 meals.
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For more accurate amounts, check the label on the dog food bag to know how much to feed your dog based on their weight. If you are not sure, ask your veterinarian what the ideal amount of food would be. Be sure to feed your dog only the directed amount of food. Too much food will make them overweight, which puts deteriorating pressure on their bones and joints. Hip dysplasia is more likely to set in at a young age in an overweight Czech German Shepherd.
Again, if you are not sure, ask your veterinarian about feeding your dog more. In the case that your dog gets more exercise than most dogs, a little extra food may not hurt, but ask a veterinarian first. Czech German Shepherds must eat high-quality dry dog food. Dog food varies by breed, weight, activity level, metabolism, health, and age. If your Czech German Shepherd requires special food for health issues, consult with your veterinarian. Puppies need a different formula than adult dogs. Be sure to read the package carefully and look for dry dog food with natural and nutritional ingredients to feed their active lifestyle, growing bodies, and strong muscles.
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Access to fresh, clean water on a daily basis is absolutely pertinent. Refill the water bowl 2 or 3 times each day if necessary. Wash the water bowl on a daily basis, too. Water keeps your dog hydrated and healthy with a full coat and a wet nose. Never deny your dog access to water. Czech German Shepherds love treats — there is no doubt about that. But feed treats in moderation. Your dog loves treats because they taste good. Treats taste good because they are full of fat. Too many treats will make your dog overweight. As we said before, an overweight Czech German Shepherd will develop hip dysplasia sooner than a slender dog.
Treats are okay for your Czech German Shepherd when you are training. Dogs are food-motivated and will complete a task when they know there is food involved. Using treats for training is highly successful, but keep them in moderation. Use kibbles of food for training if you feel your dog may be getting too many treats.
Do not feed your Czech German Shepherd any human food. He may love that morsel of steak or that piece of cheese, but it is not healthy for him. By feeding him this food, you are teaching him bad behaviors that you will eventually have to redirect. And eventually he will not eat his dry dog food at all. Too much human food can cause 3 things in your dog.
First, human food can make your dog sick because dogs are not built to digest the harsh spices, chemicals, and preservatives that so much human food contains. Second, your Czech Shepherd will become horribly overweight from all the fat in human foods. Again, an overweight Czech German Shepherd will develop hip dysplasia at a younger age. And third, too much human food could evidently kill your dog. Onions, grapes, raisins, chocolate, avocados, caffeine, salt, and alcohol can all be lethal to a dog.
To be safe, do not ever give your Czech German Shepherd human food.
Standing bowls benefit Czech German Shepherds by keeping their heads level when they eat or drink. The best way for a dog to eat or drink is when standing up. These bowls allow a comfortable stance when your dog is eating. For overzealous eaters, a slow feeder may be necessary. To avoid bloating, slow feeders force the dog to eat only a few kibbles at a time, thus slowing their eating habits.
Some Czech German Shepherds may need a slow feeder for their entire lives while others may grow out of the habit. As is common with all types of German Shepherds, a Czech Shepherd may develop ear infections, eye problems, and hip dysplasia. For a long and healthy life, take your Czech German Shepherd to the veterinarian on a yearly basis and if any symptoms arise.
The Czech Shepherd is less likely to develop health issues if they have proper feeding, exercise, and vet visits. With proper care, a Czech German Shepherd can live to be 12 to 15 years old. Ear infections can be managed with careful cleaning of the ears with solutions.
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Eye problems can be caught early with regular checkups to the veterinarian or by simply looking your Czech German Shepherd in the eye. Look for a GSD breeder who is truly interested in her breed and much more interested in finding a proper home for her puppies than simply getting paid. Any breeder who is simply in it for the money has the wrong motivation altogether.
Take the time to talk with the breeder more than once via the phone, email, etc. Also, does the breeder offer a guarantee? What type? What kind of documentation do you get with the German Shepherd puppy? What about the registration papers? What other things go home with the new puppy? Other paperwork? Did you get to meet the parents of the puppies and the littermates? Did you get a chance to have hands-on time with them?
A reputable German Shepherd breeder will offer all of this and more. Don't expect any less. Additionally, ask the German Shepherd puppy breeder about shots, dewormings, and exams the puppy may have already have had. Play sessions in a fenced-in area are another fun way to exercise and provide mental stimulation for your dog. Either breed will enjoy and excel at agility, tracking, herding and obedience training and competitions. Many dogs bred for specific purposes have developed breed-specific health conditions. German Shepherd and Malinois dogs are no exception.
The first step to picking a healthy puppy is learning about the health conditions that affect the Belgian Malinois and German Shepherd Dogs. German Shepherd Dogs are prone to allergies, skin issues, pancreatic problems, disc disease, bone and joint issues. The AKC recommends genetic testing for elbow and hip dysplasia. In addition, hemophilia, diabetes, some eye issues, bloat, and cryptorchidism may be of concern.
Although this list may seem daunting, learning about possible inherited health conditions is meant to help you choose a healthy German Shepherd puppy, not rule out the breed altogether! You can also visit the CHIC database to learn about recommended screenings for a particular breed.
By voluntarily submitting data, breeders can qualify for CHIC certification of their breeding line. This is very desirable and can give you peace of mind about working with a particular breeder! Regarding the Belgian Malinois, the breed is prone to allergies, dermatitis, epilepsy, gastric cancer, elbow and hip dysplasia, and hypothyroidism. In addition, inflammatory bowel disease and osteochondritis dissecans, which is a joint disorder, may be of concern.
That list may seem overwhelming, but basically, they are prone to skin issues, bone and joint conditions, epilepsy, cancer, gastrointestinal issues and thyroid dysfunction. As always, it is important to work with a breeder who discloses all conditions present in their line and those associated with the breed in general. If you encounter any resistance or vague answers, that is not the breeder to choose! Here again, you can cross-check what a breeder tells you by visiting the CHIC database.
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When you decide to work with a breeder to select a puppy, they should provide a guarantee of initial health, usually covering the first six to 12 months of life. Most breeders prefer to reclaim puppies rather than risk them being sent to shelters or euthanized. Genetic health information on a particular dog may unavailable if you rescue a German Shepherd or Belgian Malinois from a shelter or adoption center.
However, some rescue organizations are willing to allow or even provide genetic testing in an effort to quickly place dogs in good homes. Thankfully, there are many healthy GSDs and Malinois living in good homes with loving families! Remember, the goal of learning about possible health conditions is to have the information you need to select a healthy puppy to share your life!
As far as life expectancy, the Belgian Malinois can live almost twice as long as a German Shepherd. Some dog breeds shed a little and others shed a lot. And the bigger the shedding dog, the hairier your life can become. The German Shepherd has a medium-length, double-layer coat. The under layer is short and thick for insulation, while the outer layer is longer, coarse, and water-repellent. To keep the GSD looking neat and tidy, commit to weekly grooming and brushing sessions, perhaps more frequent during the seasonal sheds.
Monthly baths should suffice during much of the year. Bathing too frequently can strip out the natural oils that repel moisture and keep the skin healthy. Similar to the GSD, the Malinois has a double-layer coat with an insulating underlayer and a coarse, water-resistant upper layer. Like the GSD, more frequent brushing may be necessary during the twice-annual coat transitions.
Typically, monthly baths are enough to keep a Belgian Malinois clean and tidy. The Belgian Malinois also has deep-set ears, which makes checking the inner ears for mites, wax, and debris a weekly must. As mentioned above, it is critical to work with a reputable breeder when choosing a puppy of any breed.
Although GSDs are popular for their strength and agility, working line puppies may not have a temperament suitable for living with a family. Make sure that you meet the parents before committing to a puppy. Check out our Puppy Search guide , which can help you spot good breeders from bad, and ask the right questions when meeting them. Lists of rescue organizations for German Shepherd and Belgian Malinois dogs are provided at the end of this article. There is no doubt that choosing between a German Shepherd and a Belgian Malinois can be difficult.
Both breeds are smart, handsome, and loyal. Do you have a Belgian Malinois or German Shepherd?